It does appear the Cloud is the place to be, certainly gained traction past few years. Few key players to choose from. Offer mostly the same services, just depends on what flavor you prefer, how well it integrates into current stack, and your developer pool staff skills and availability.
It seems Machine Learning is still hot along with Artificial Intelligence, although it bypassed many folks from the data pool skills set, requiring new languages like Python, R, Scala, Spark, Notebooks and algorithms.
Big Data didn't solve all our problems, but it's a nice addition to the data stack, has some good hooks to get data in and out, as well as reporting, although it won't be our traditional transaction database as expected.
Organizations still want their data, in readable format, in timely manor, with accuracy expected. Although hiccups in the Extract Transform and Load still seem to play havoc on our daily reporting needs.
Data Science still seems hot, although just because you have talented DS, doesn't mean they can write standard SQL or knock out some traditional reports. The two seem mutual exclusive and don't necessarily overlap, as new college grads jump straight into DS with little to no knowledge of traditional data ecosystem.
Data Engineer is a hot position, joining disparate data sets for others to work with.
Data Management has probably risen the fastest, as new GDPR rules necessitate solid data practices. With that, having knowledge of where all the data resides, what it contains, how to access has pushed the Metadata into the spotlight, with Data Catalogs to handle such requests.
We are no longer at the point where knowing SQL or Access or Excel can guarantee you a data position. Data skills have proliferated, grown, splintered, gone sideways and every which way. The Data Ecosystem has exploded and many new comers have entered the arena, as developers, architects, software vendors and applications.
Throw in Blockchain, Agile Methodology, Streaming, IoT and Domain Knowledge, you can clearly have your hands full for the next decade or so.
Suffice to say, data is hot. Anyone entering the workforce that's looking for a solid career, should look no further than data. It's the bread and butter of every department in every organization. There are some good companies foaming at the mouth, to get some talent in the door, to hit the ground running, and add value across the board.
So hop aboard the Data Bandwagon.